The Staffordshire Bull Terrier is derived from the same lines as the original American Pit Bull Terrier. Due to show ring bias over the past century, registry politics and geographical divisions it however has taken on a slightly different look in that it is more squatty and the muzzle tends to be shorter with a more defined stop. Even amongst the breed itself there can be striking differences between those used for show vs. work/farm/pet purposes with the show variety tending to have the shortest muzzles. While the American Pit Bull Terrier is considered illegal in Great Britain the Stafforshire Bull Terrier is considered one of the favorite breeds.
Since the American Pit Bull Terrier was made illegal there have been many that have simply renamed their Pit Bulls as Staffordshire Bull Terriers in an attempt to avoid prosecution.
In many places around the world laws known as breed specific legislation ( BSL) limit various breeds, with bully breeds being of the most common focus. Due to this the Staffordshire Bull Terrier also often finds itself on such lists.
Myths that have been falsely perpetuated on the breed are that it has a locking jaw and that it has been historically bred to fight. Both are untrue.
In 1835 when Britain made bull and bear baiting illegal this caused many to shift to fighting dogs against one another. Based on statistical and historical analysis however it is still believed that less than 10% of such dogs have ever been fought even when the practice was legal or accepted.
Even the most notable dog man in history John Colby said that less than 10% would ever meet the criteria needed for being used for such tasks. So while it is true that SOME have historically bred the breed to fight it is a misrepresentation to blanket the entire breed with this stigma. If this is the criteria in which we judge things - where the minority taints the perception of the majority - that is equivalent to saying humans have historically bred to be rapists, murderers and child molesters. Those who perpetuate this ideology are either ignorant to the facts, are seeking to perpetuate such myths for their own personal gain, are dog fighters themselves, or are using the ideas a crutch against their own personal insecurities to support a false bravado. For the breeds well being anyone interested in acquiring a Staffordshire Bull Terrier should avoid at all costs those who irresponsibly misrepresent the breed in such a way. The truth is the breed has historically been bred – based on its majority use – to be a farming, hunting, guarding and family dog.
Because the breed shares much of the same history as other molosser and is directly related to the American Pit Bull Terrier it can be considered a good candidate in the now developing American Bully breed, especially for those wishing to down-breed to the smaller American Bully standards.